Category Archives: Games

Prime number in PHP

A prime number is a natural number/whole number/cardinal number greater than 1 that has no positive divisors other than 1 and itself. A natural number greater than 1 that is not a prime number is called a composite number.
e.g. 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17….etc are prime numbers; while 4, 6, 8, 9, 10, 12, 14, 15, 16….etc are composite numbers.

Program to determine if the supplied number is Prime or Composite using native bcmod() function.

<?php
$num = 26; // desired number to check
for ( $i = 2; $i <= $num - 1; $i++ ) {
    if ( bcmod( $num, $i ) == 0 ) {
        echo $num . " is composite number";
        break;
    }
}
if ( $num == $i )
    echo $num . " is prime number";
?>
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Fibonacci Series in PHP

What is Fibonacci Series?

Fibonacci series is the sequence where the first two numbers are either 1 and 1, or 0 and 1, depending on the chosen starting point of the sequence, and each subsequent number is the sum of the previous two e.g. 0, 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8 etc.

The Fibonacci sequence is named after Italian mathematician Fibonacci, although the sequence had been described earlier earlier as Virahanka numbers in Indian mathematics.
Fibonacci numbers are closely related to Lucas numbers in that they are a complementary pair of Lucas sequences.

Fibonacci

The Fibonacci numbers are important in the computational run-time analysis of Euclid’s algorithm to determine the greatest common divisor of two integers: the worst case input for this algorithm is a pair of consecutive Fibonacci numbers.

Recognizing Fibonacci numbers

The question may arise whether a positive integer x is a Fibonacci number or not. This is true if and only if one or both of 5x^{2}+4 or 5x^{2}-4 is a perfect square.

Fibonacci Series without recursion:

<?php
$term = 10;
$num1 = 0;
$num2 = 1;

for ( $i = 0; $i < $term; $i++ ) {
    if ( $i <= 1 ) { 
        $result = $i;
    } else {
        $result = $num1 + $num2;
        $num1 = $num2;
        $num2 = $result;
    }
    echo ' ' . $result;
}
?>

Fibonacci Series using recursion:

<?php
function fibonacci($n)
{
    if ( $n == 0 ) {
        return 0;
    } else if ( $n == 1 ) {
        return 1;
    } else {
        return ( fibonacci( $n - 1 ) + fibonacci( $n - 2 ) );
    }
}

$term = 10;
for ( $i = 0; $i &amp;amp;lt; $term; $i++ ) {
    echo ' '.fibonacci($i);
}
?>

Output: 0 1 1 2 3 5 8 13 21 34

Fun fact

Fibonacci Day is November 23rd, as it has the digits “1, 1, 2, 3” which is part of the sequence. So next Nov 23 let everyone know!

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